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Scientists fold the Smallest Microchips ever from Graphene

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New developments from physicists from the University of Sussex could lead to faster electronic gadgets. The physicists have created tiny microchip-like objects using ‘nano-origami.’ They foresee phones as well as computers operating many thousand times faster.

The researchers worked with 2D materials, including graphene. They used structural defects within the materials to build the microchips.

These defects affect the properties of the materials, both nano-mechanical and electronic.

The researchers pinpointed the effects of defects like grain boundaries, collapsed wrinkles, and folded wrinkles using Raman mapping and atomic force microscopy.

Graphene acts as a transistor when some distortions are folded into graphene. Transistors are the basic ingredient of electronics. When a graphene strip is folded like that it acts like a microchip.

The graphene strip in question is around 100 times tinier than normal microchips.

Lead researcher Dr. Manoj Tripathi explains the mechanism: “Instead of having to add foreign materials into a device, we’ve shown we can create structures from graphene and other 2D materials simply by adding deliberate kinks into the structure. By making this sort of corrugation we can create a smart electronic component like a transistor or a logic gate.”

The technique relies on Moore’s Law, a law which stipulates that the total sum of transistors within an integrated circuit doubles every two years.

Academics and leaders in the industry have warned that Moore’s law may not necessarily apply for transistors similar in size to silicon chips.

Graphene is a material that provides a possible alternative to silicon and can help to conserve Moore’s law. The researchers are the first to create a microchip using folded graphene.

Said Professor Alan Dalton: “We’re mechanically creating kinks in a layer of graphene. It’s a bit like nano-origami. Using these nanomaterials will make our computer chips smaller and faster. It is absolutely critical that this happens as computer manufacturers are now at the limit of what they can do with traditional semiconducting technology. Ultimately, this will make our computers and phones thousands of times faster in the future.”

“This kind of technology – ‘straintronics’ using nanomaterials as opposed to electronics – allows space for more chips inside any device. Everything we want to do with computers, to speed them up, can be done by crinkling graphene like this.”

Now the researchers are hopeful for further developments in sustainable technology because this process does not require additional materials and can go on at room temperature. It saves energy.

Computers

Microsoft and AMD Team up to Offer Goodies to Customers

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If you treated yourself to an AMD-powered Gaming PC or upgraded to one, you could ensure that you were getting genuine Windows 10 and get a fun gift to go with your purchase.

Not all vendors had this offer, so you had to check out the list of partners who have this offer by looking at the table of selected partners. Choose the partner closest to you in India.

Microsoft and AMD partnered to offer consumers a special gift to go with the new AMD powered PC.

All buyers who took advantage of the offer had to write their details on a form.

If you are wondering what else came with the purchase, consumers received gaming accessories like gamepads, keyboards, headsets, and mice.

The offer was on for customers who wanted to upgrade an existing AMD-powered desktop to Windows 10.

Here’s why Genuine Windows 10 OS is so Important

It’s more Secure

When you are working with genuine Windows 10 software, you can download security updates as frequently as they are provided by Microsoft.

Security experts are constantly getting better at sealing loopholes, which means that Microsoft is always releasing new updates to fix issues.

When you are not working with genuine Windows, you will probably be using older versions of Windows that are more vulnerable to hackers and malware attacks.

It works Better

Microsoft is constantly improving on their gaming-related built-in features {and everything else, really). You definitely want to work with the latest version of Microsoft because will give you the best gaming experience you can get.

You Only have to Buy it Once

When you buy genuine Windows 10 Operating System, you own it. You can still use the same OS even when you upgrade to a new Windows PC. The minute you log into your account, you will be able to experience all the benefits of the Windows 10 without having to buy a new one.

List of Gaming Partners

We haven’t fully covered the reasons why genuine Windows 10 is so good for you. Besides these benefits, you are still guaranteed a free gift to go with your purchase. Now is definitely a good time to upgrade.

Customers had to purchase their new AMD Gaming Desktop PC between March 25th, 2021 and March 31st to take advantage of the offer.

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Microsoft to Synchronize Edge release Schedule to Google’s Chrome

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Microsoft is going to change its release time table for Edge to Chrome’s four-week interval between releases that Google announced recently.

Google announced that it would start following a four-week pace just recently and Microsoft had no choice but to follow suit.

“As contributors to the Chromium project, we look forward to the new 4-week major release cycle cadence that Google announced, to help deliver that innovation to our customers even faster,” Edge announced on their company blog on March 12th.

Just a week earlier, Google had announced its intention to release Chrome at a faster pace to keep up with Mozilla’s Firefox which was following a four-week release schedule instead of a four-week schedule.

Chrome 94 is coming out on September 21st. Chrome 95 will launch on October 19th. Microsoft will follow the same cycle. Microsoft announced that the new release cycle will begin with the Edge 94.

It has been customary for Microsoft to come out with a corresponding Edge every two days after a Chrome upgrade.

Google’s updates come out on Tuesdays, and this means that Microsoft’s comes out each Thursday. Edge 94 will therefore come out on 23rd and Edge 95 on October 21st.

Microsoft Edge is an open-source venture that builds and maintains Chrome’s core technologies. From January 2020, Edge has timed its releases to coincide with Chrome’s. It is a better alternative to delaying the release of Edge.

Chrome runs on multiple browsers, but Google has more control over it than Opera, Brave, Edge, or any of the other browsers. Google created Chromium and Google Engineers do most of the work. It is not yet clear what role Microsoft played in accelerating the release of Chrome.

If things go as Google has planned, Microsoft will offer a different version of Edge for commercial users that will last longer in between upgrades.

This release will come out at eight-week intervals instead of four weeks. Security upgrades every two weeks will provide service.

Only those organizations that have the capacity to manage their own machines will access the Extended Stable.

But even Chrome and Edge’s new eight-week release time table seems brief when compared with Firefox’ Extended Support Release that lasts at least a year with only security updates in between.

Microsoft observed yet another milestone on March 9th when it stopped supporting the original Microsoft Edge browser.

The legacy Microsoft Edge was launched with Windows 10 in 2015 but it did not gain traction. Microsoft preferred to dump its own technology for Chromium’s instead of wasting their hard work. The first new Edge for Chromium came out a year and two months ago.

Now that there is no more support for Microsoft Edge, users will run the software at their own risk, without Microsoft to fix hitches. Microsoft is preparing users to take up Edge on Chromium instead of moving to Firefox or Chrome.

This is why the Windows 10 update coming up next month will automatically remove the original Edge and install a new version.

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Consumers could soon get ARM-based Windows 10 PCs for Cheap

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So far, the Windows on Snapdragon program by Qualcomm has focused its attention on premium hardware. But the new 7cx chip is signaling a whole new direction.

The first Widows on Snapdragon portable computers came out in 2017, and since then, it has been obvious that Qualcomm is adopting a different take on portable devices.

Qualcomm’s vision is ‘always on, always connected’ and wants to achieve better PCs that wake instantly from sleep mode and whose batteries last multiple days.

Their ARM-based portable electronic devices are lightweight and fan less. The new Snapdragon 8cx Gen 2 chipset is 5G enabled.

This convenience does not come without its tradeoffs. The Surface Pro X is pricey as are other Snapdragons. At a minimum price of $999, the device goes for well above what would be considered affordable. The pricey Surface Pro X is a modified Snapdragon 8cx.

Snapdragons have developed improved performance and better compatibility with apps of late, but they haven’t quite caught up with normal PCs yet for the most part.

In 2019, Qualcomm came out with the Snapdragon 7c chipset that was more affordable, but the other devices don’t yet have cheaper versions. The cheapest ARM-based Windows device costs $599 which is still expensive as far as budget laptops are concerned.

Qualcomm is still determined to go on improving on the Windows on Snapdragon. Windows Latest reports that Qualcomm is preparing to come out with a different Snapdragon 8cx Gen2 chip soon.

We don’t know much about the next offering from Qualcomm, but the article on Windows Latest explains that the device will have a clock speed significantly faster than the original, at 2.7GHz for all four cores, compared to the 7cx which hits a maximum of 2.4GHz.

The moderately higher speeds may not significantly impact the price since they will not be adopting 5G. Also, processors for ARM-based devices need to have other qualities as well, including power efficiency.

The 7cx Gen 2 may not necessarily come in devices costing less than -£500, and we are yet to see whether it will register satisfactory performance and sufficient compatibility options to pull users from AMD and Intel devices.

If both of these wishes come true, it will make Windows on Snapdragon a major player in the budget laptop market.

There are other companies besides Qualcomm that are developing ARM-based computers. Samsung, Microsoft, and AMD are all working on their own improved models of ARM-based devices.

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